TJES: Shaleesh I , Almohammedi A , Mohammad N , Ahmad A , Shepelev V. Cooperation and radio silence strategy in Mix Zone to Protect Location Privacy of Vehicle in VANET. Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences 2021; 28(1): 31- 39.
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Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences (2021) 28(1): 31- 39.
Cooperation and radio silence strategy in Mix Zone to Protect Location Privacy of Vehicle in VANET
With increase in the population, the number of registered vehicles has dramatically increased over all the world, and this leads to a high rate of traffic accidents on the roads. Therefore, in order to prevent such accidents, an Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSs) is needed to be installed to notify drivers of obstacles in advance. Recently, the Internet of things (IoT) evolves the vehicular communications and covers this technology under the Internet of vehicles (IoV) application. IoV is a new field for the automotive industry and a significant part of the smart cities. However, protecting the privacy of vehicle\\\’s location is the most challenging subject in the vehicular communication, as because it threatens the personal life of drivers. This paper provides cooperation and radio silence strategy in mix zone (CRSMZ) to protect location privacy of vehicle in IoV. The strategy implements either cooperation or radio silence depending on the speed of the vehicle while it is in mix _zone. The simulation results show that CRSMZ is an efficient strategy to protect location information of vehicle drivers. CRSMZ outperforms the existing strategies in terms of mean of the number tracker confusion, continuous tracking period and max of the entropy.
Keywords: location privacy; VANET; radio silence; pseudonym.