TJES: Hussein BS, Jalil SA, .Hydraulic Performance for Combined Weir-Gate Structure. Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences 2020; 27(1): 40- 50.
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Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences (2020) 27(1) 40- 50.
Hydraulic Performance for Combined Weir-Gate Structure
Combined hydraulic structure play an important role in controlling flow in open channels. This study was based on experimental and numerical modeling investigations for combined hydraulic structure. For this purpose three physical models of combined sharp crested trapezoidal weir with bottom opening and one physical model of sharp crested trapezoidal weir separately were used and tested by running eight different flow rates over each model. In which three configurations of bottom opening were tested; the first configuration is a rectangular gate while other two configuration were trapezoidal with two different side slopes of (1V:4H) and (1V:2H). The water surface profiles passing through weir-gate system were measured for all thirty two runs of all models which show uniform flow at 2.11h from the upstream of weir. The commercial computational fluid dynamic software ANSYS CFX was used to simulate flow numerically. The verification of the numerical model was based on water surface profiles and discharge which showed acceptable agreement. Also, the results showed that discharge coefficient Cd varies from (0.52-0.58). Furthermore, it was shown that both models with trapezoidal gate pass a higher discharge of flow than the model with rectangular gate with average percentage increase of discharge (40.78% and 19.40%) for trapezoidal side slopes (1H:2V and 1H:4V) respectively. In addition, the combined system with milder trapezoidal side slopes of bottom opening had a better performance for discharging weir flow which is about 40% as compared with traditional one. Finally, the empirical equations for stage-discharge relationship were estimated for all models and discharge coefficients were estimated for all runs.
Keywords: Combined system, Trapezoidal weir, Computational, Fluid dynamic, Gate flow, Discharge coefficient