vol25no1pa4

References

[1] Saeedrashed Y, Guven A. Estimation of geomorphological parameters of lower Zab River-Basin by using GIS-based remotely sensed image. Journal of Water Resource Management 2013; 27: 209-219.
[2] Kassim TI, Sabri AW, Salman MS. The limnological effects of river lesser-Zab on tigris river, Iraq. Um-Salama Science Journal 2007; 4 (3): 452- 457.
[3] Abdul Jabar RA, Al-Lami AA, Abdul Khader RS, Rahdi AG. Effects of some physical and chemical factors of Lower Zab water on tigris river. Tikrit Journal of Pure Science 2008; 13 (1): 132-142.
[4] Aziz SQ. Seasonal variation of some physical and chemical properties of water and wastewater in Erbil city. Journal of Duhok University-Scientific and Academic 2004; 7 (2): 76–88.
[5] Aziz SQ. Monitoring variation of some water quality parameters of greater-Zab river at Ifraz station during fourteen months. Zanco-Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences 2008; 20 (3): 115–133.

Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences (2018) 25(1) 18- 26

Effect of Alton Kopri Wastewater on Lesser-Zab Raw Water

Evan Ogestin Slewa Wali Ali Abdullah Shuokr Qarani Aziz
Department of Dams and Water Resources Engineering, Salahaddin University–Erbil, Iraq Department of Civil Engineering, Salahaddin University–Erbil, Iraq

Abstract

This work aimed to study the impact of Alton Kopri wastewater on the Lesser-Zab River water. Specifically, the study aimed to determine the impacts of the formed wastewater on the Lesser-Zab River using the mass balance principle (MBP) and provide appropriate solutions to this problem. Fresh samples from Alton Kopri wastewater and the Lesser-Zab River water were collected from February 2013 to September 2013. The samples were analyzed for temperature, pH, total alkalinity, total hardness, total acidity, chloride, turbidity, solids, dissolved oxygen, 5-day biochemical oxygen demand, and sulfate. Results presented graphically demonstrated that Alton Kopri wastewater can be classified as medium- to strong-type wastewater, whereas the Lesser-Zab River can be categorized as a moderately polluted river and moderately hard to hard water. The application of MBP revealed that Alton Kopri wastewater affected the Lesser-Zab River water; hence, appropriate solutions were outlined to minimize the impact of the former on the water resource and treatment of the latter.

Download Full-text PDF

Keywords: Lesser-Zab, Alton kopri, water quality, wastewater, mass balance principle.

How to cite

TJES: Slewa EO, Abdullah WA, Aziz SQ. Effect of Alton Kopri wastewater on lesser-Zab raw water. Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences 2018; 25 (1): 18-26.
APA: Slewa, E. O., Abdullah, W. A., & Aziz, S. Q. (2018). Effect of Alton Kopri wastewater on lesser-Zab raw water. Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences, 25(1), 18-26.