Molina A, Torres-Islas A, Serna S, Acosta-Flores M, Rodriguez-Diaz RA, Colin J. Corrosion, electrical and mechanical performance of copper matrix composites produced by mechanical alloying and consolidation. International Journal of Electrochemical Science 2015;10: 1728-1741.
 ASM Handbook Volume 21: Composites, Editor: D.B. Miracle and S.L. Donaldson, 2001.
 Firkowska I, Boden A, Boerner B, Reich S. The origin of high thermal conductivity and ultralow thermal expansion in copper–graphite composites. Nano Letters, American Chemical Society 2015;15:4745–4751.
 Joshi PB, Rehani BK, Palak PS, Khanna PK. Studies on copper-Yttria nano-composites: highenergy ball milling versus chemical reduction method. Journal of Nanoscience and Nano-technology 2012; 12(3) :2591-2597.
 Long BD, Othman R, Zuhailawati H, Umemoto M.2014. Comparison of two powder processing techniques on the properties of Cu-NbC composites. Journal of Advances in Materials Science and Engineering 2014:1-6.
Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences (2017) 24(1) 11-24
Mechanical and Physical Properties of Hybrid Cu-Graphite Composites Prepared via Powder Metallurgy Technique
|Farouk M. Mahdi||Jawadat A. Eaqoob||Fouad R. Muhialdeen|
|Mechanical Eng. Dept., Tikrit University, Iraq|
Copper -graphite composites are widely used in a great number of engineering applications such as brushes, switches, sliding bearings, self-lubricating bearings, etc. due to their good thermal and electrical conductivity and excellent tribological properties as compared with other structural materials. There are ongoing attempts in manufacturing copper composites with better properties to enhance their efficiency and increase their effective life. Present research aims to prepare hybrid 95wt.% copper –5wt.% graphite composites reinforced with yttria and tin particles by powder metallurgy technique and to study their effects on mechanical and physical properties of the prepared composites. Powder mixture was mixed by ball mill mixer at 100rpm for 120min with (5/1) balls to powder ratio. The powder mixture was cold pressed at 700MPa for 30sec, followed by sintering at 900 ˚C for one hour. In the first stage, Yttria(Y2O3) was added with (2, 4, 6, 8, 10) wt% to pure copper (Cu) and to (95%Cu-5%Gr) matrices. Typical composite of this stage was ((95%Cu-5%Gr)-4%Y2O3. In the second stage, tin (Sn) was added with (2, 4, 6, 8, 10) wt% to pure copper and((95%Cu-5%Gr)-4%Y2O3 matrices. Typical composite of this stage was ((95%Cu-5%Gr)-4%Y2O3)-6%Sn. The results showed that hardness and true porosity of the composites increases with increasing yttria content. On the other hand, both thermal and electrical conductivity of the composites decreases with increasing yttria content. It was also found that (95 wt.% Cu- 5 wt.% Gr) – Y2O3 composites have always lower wear rate than plain Cu-Y2O3 composites. .
Keywords: Hybrid copper-graphite composites, powder metallurgy.