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Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences (2011) 18(3) 1- 12

Axial Dispersion and Back-mixing of Gas Phase in Pebble Bed Reactor

Rahman S. A. Al-Musafir, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering- Missouri University of Science and Technology, USA

Abstract

Despite the worldwide attended of pebble bed reactors (PBRs), there is a lack of fundamental understanding of the complex flow pattern. In this work, the non-ideal flow behavior of the gas phase, which is used, for cooling has been investigated experimentally in a 0.3 m diameter pebble bed. The extent of mixing and dispersion of the gas phase has been qualified. The effect of gas velocity on the axial dispersion has been investigated with range from 0.05 to 0.6 m/s covering both the laminar and turbulent flow regimes. Glass bead particles of 1.2 cm diameter and 2.5 gm/cm3, which is randomly and closely packed have been used to mimic the pebbles. An advanced gas tracer technique was applied to measure the residence time distribution (RTD) of gas phase using impulse tracer. The axial dispersion coefficients of gas phase in the studied pebble bed have been estimated using the axial dispersion model (ADM). It was found that the flow pattern of the gas phase deviates from plug flow depending on the superficial gas velocity. The results showed that the dispersion of the gas reduces as the gas velocity and Reynolds numbers increased.

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Keywords: Pebble bed; gas phase mixing, axial dispersion; packed bed; dispersion flow model.

 

How to cite

TJES: Al-Musafie RS. Axial Dispersion and Back-mixing of Gas Phase in Pebble Bed Reactor. Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences 2011; 18(3): 1-12
APA: Al-Musafie, R. S., (2011). Axial Dispersion and Back-mixing of Gas Phase in Pebble Bed Reactor. Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences, 18(3), 1-12.