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Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences (2007) 14(2) 73-85

 Effect of Cohesive and Non-Cohesive Soils on Equilibrium Scour Depth

Saleh Issa Khassaf
Civil Eng. Dept., University of Kufa, Iraq

Abstract

In this research ,the effect of cohesive soils ( clay ) and non –cohesive soils sand on equilibrium scour depth was studied .Experiments were carried out on two types of clay and two types of sand as a bed material using an obstruction ( pier ) to create a local scour. The effect of flow velocity and Froude number on scour depth and the occurrence time of equilibrium scour depth were studied . The results show that for the same conditions, the rate of scour in the clayey soils is less than in sandy soils. Also the time required for occurrence of the maximum scour depth   ( equilibrium depth ) in clayey soils is more than in sandy soils. Two formulas were found to predict the equilibrium scour depth in terms of Froude number ,the first is for clayey soils and the second for sandy soils .

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Keywords: Cohesive soil, Non-cohesive soil , Scour depth.

How to cite

TJES: Khassaf SI. Effect of Cohesive and Non-Cohesive Soils on Equilibrium Scour DepthTikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences 2007; 14(2): 73-85.
APA: Khassaf, S. I. (2007). Effect of Cohesive and Non-Cohesive Soils on Equilibrium Scour Depth. Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences, 14(2), 73-85.